Basic necessities such as safety, food, sleep, hygiene, and medical care are often denied to victims of human trafficking. Children may be greatly impacted in their emotional and physical development when they are forced to live in an unhealthy environment away from their families and loved ones. Trafficked individuals may be exposed to serious health risks to the point where they are sometimes worked or physically brutalized to death. Sexual exploitation also increases exposure to deadly diseases, including HIV and AIDS.

Trafficking in Persons substantially affects interstate and foreign commerce. Trafficking for such purposes as involuntary servitude, peonage, and other forms of forced labor has an impact on the nationwide employment network and labor market. Within the context of slavery, labor services which are obtained or maintained through coercive conduct amounts to a condition of servitude.

For more about the impact on individuals, politics, and the economy:
An Introduction to Human Trafficking: Vulnerability, Impact and Action

For a practitioners guide to the psychological reactions of being trafficked:
Anti-human trafficking manual for criminal justice practitioners; Module 3: Psychological reactions of victims of trafficking in persons

Psychology of Human Trafficking