According to the UN Palermo Protocol, trafficking in persons is defined as “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons, by means of a threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving and receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labor or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.”
Who are Trafficked Persons? They may be:
Who are the Traffickers? They may be:
Who are the Facilitators? They may be:
What tactics do Traffickers use to intimidate victims?
What factors lead to Trafficking?
Traffickers target women, girls and men who are increasingly affected by poverty, lack of access to education, unemployment, discrimination, and lack of economic opportunities in countries of origin. a. Within the United States, abuse and neglect are common factors leading to trafficking and traffickers prey on runaway and “throwaway” youth. The trafficker who is most likely a trusted individual lures them with promises of a better life with decent working conditions and a healthy environment.
Looking for more information on how the criminal justice system defines trafficking?
Anti-human Trafficking manual for criminal justice practitioners; Module 1: Definitions of trafficking in persons and smuggling of migrants